Best Practices for WordPress in Enterprise at ZendCon 2015

Today I am presenting at ZendCon 2015 on best practices for WordPress in enterprise.

10up open sourced their WordPress Best Practices (PHP, JavaScript, tools, and workflows) in late 2014. As the Director of Web Engineering at 10up, I drove this project and am the lead contributor to the docs. These best practices allow developers to build sites that scale, perform, and are secure on sites receiving millions of page views per day. They also standardize development practices in such a way that facilitates team collaboration. This talk will highlight some important parts of the best practices and reveal some valuable tips about how we (10up) engineer some of the most complex and most viewed WordPress sites in the world.

The slides are available here:

Database Theory, WordPress Code Techniques

A Performant Way to Feature Posts

In a past blog post I explained why featuring posts using a taxonomy term is much more performant than using a meta query. The comment I get from people is “that’s awesome, but using tags to feature a post is not a good user experience”. I agree, attaching a “featured” tag to featured posts, while performant is not a good experience for users because it leaves room for error on the admin side and shows the “featured” tag to users on the front end (if you are listing your tags).

Thankfully, there is a much better way to do this. We can create a small meta box with a “Featured Post” checkbox. This checkbox will add/remove a term in a hidden taxonomy from the post. Here is what the meta box will look like in WordPress 3.9:

Featured post meta box

I will take you through the code necessary to set this up. First we need to register a private taxonomy for internal use:

function tl_register_taxonomy() {
  $args = array(
    'hierarchical' => false,
    'show_ui' => false,
    'show_admin_column' => false,
    'query_var' => false,
    'rewrite' => false,

  register_taxonomy( 'tl_post_options', array( 'post' ), $args );
add_action( 'init', 'tl_register_taxonomy' );

Now let’s write the code that actually associates the taxonomy term with featured posts. This will hook onto the “save_post” action.

function tl_save_post( $post_id ) {
  if ( ( defined( 'DOING_AUTOSAVE' ) && DOING_AUTOSAVE ) || ! current_user_can( 'edit_post', $post_id ) || 'revision' == get_post_type( $post_id ) )

  if ( ! empty( $_POST['additional_options'] ) && wp_verify_nonce( $_POST['additional_options'], 'additional_options_action' ) ) {
    if ( ! empty( $_POST['tl_featured'] ) ) {
      $featured = term_exists( 'tl_featured', 'tl_post_options' );
      if ( empty( $featured ) ) {
        $featured = wp_insert_term( 'tl_featured', 'tl_post_options' );
      wp_set_post_terms( $post_id, array( (int) $featured['term_id'] ), 'tl_post_options' );
    } else {
      wp_set_post_terms( $post_id, array(), 'tl_post_options' );
add_action( 'save_post', 'tl_save_post' );

Next, we need to output a meta box with a checkbox. If this checkbox is checked, the post is marked as featured and the appropriate information is sent to the “save_post” hook on POST.

function tl_meta_box_additional_options( $post ) {
  wp_nonce_field( 'additional_options_action', 'additional_options' );
  $featured = has_term( 'tl_featured', 'tl_post_options', $post );
  echo 'Featured: <input type="checkbox" name="tl_featured" value="1" ' . ( ( $featured ) ? 'checked="checked"' : '' ) . '>';

Don’t forget we need to actually register our new meta box:

function tl_add_meta_boxes() {
  add_meta_box( 'tl_additional_options', 'Additional Options', 'tl_meta_box_additional_options', 'post', 'side' );
add_action( 'add_meta_boxes', 'tl_add_meta_boxes' );

Querying for posts on the front end is super easy! Here is an example query:

$query = new WP_Query( array(
  'tl_post_options' => 'tl_featured'
  'post_status' => 'publish',
  'post_type' => 'post',
) );
Computer Science, WordCamps

Computer Science in WordPress

Last year I did a presentation at WordCamp Orange County, WordCamp Birmingham, WordCamp Toronto, and WordCamp Providence called “What You Missed in Computer Science”. I have a Computer Science degree which I believe has provided me with some tools to think about problems in a certain way. This presentation will teach you about some of those tools, specifically Big-Oh Notation and race conditions. I will frame these Computer Science topics in terms of WordPress.

You can see a video recording of me giving the talk here at WordCamp Providence. I am reposting the slides on SlideShare since they seem to have disappeared: